Ivory Coast in the rankings

At the start of the Ouattara presidency, blogger Hotel Ivory said that the various global rankings would be a good way to measure the success or failure of the new government. So with the election now just four months off, how did things go? It’s been interesting that the government itself has prioritized improving Cote d’Ivoire’s rank as a key aim, especially as it seeks to attract investors. Note this paragraph from the government’s recent ‘Letter of Intent’

“Reforms aimed at improving the business climate, transparency, good governance and competitiveness will continue to be pursued proactively. Such reforms should place Côte d’Ivoire in the upper 50% of countries ranked at the top of the World Bank’s Doing Business ranking, Transparency International’s anti-corrupting ranking and the global competitiveness ranking issued by the World Economic Forum. They should also allow Côte d’Ivoire to rise considerably in the UNDP’s human development ranking”

In a dream world, like standardized tests, rankings would help us get an objective view on government performance. In reality of course, statistics can hide as much as they reveal, and many things just can’t be captured, however good your proxies. In addition, rankings can be about giving the message that ‘Cote d’Ivoire should be like Switzerland or Singapore’, when of course the country is and never will be anything like those places and that’s not necessarily a bad thing. It’s not always helpful to view lower ranked countries as ‘Singapore minus X’.

Anyway, with that in mind, below is some data that I’ve picked out from the web. If there’s an overall theme, it’s that the country is improving, though it remains a long way down most lists (out of the top 50% so far except in football and press freedom), and often a long way off two West African countries I’ve picked out as useful comparisons: Ghana and Senegal. There may be some time lags as well, but the rankings do give the impression that Cote d’Ivoire is a pretty sub-standard country to live in if you were looking around the continent, when my personal view would be that it’s well above average in terms of development, living standards and business.

 

Transparency International’s Perception of Corruption Index

2010 – 146th

2011 – 154th

2012 – 130th

2013 – 136th

2014 – 115th (Ghana = 61st, Senegal = 69th)

 

World Press Freedom Index (RSF)

“After a deep fall from 2010 to 2012, Côte d’Ivoire rose sharply in the 2015 index as it continued to emerge from the political and social crisis caused by the civil war in late 2010. Radio and TV broadcasting is due to be opened up to the private sector in 2015 but there is concern that the process will include provisions for censorship. There is no shortage of media diversity but the media are very partisan and lack independence. The National Communication Council is not independent of the government and tends to use a heavier hand with opposition newspapers than pro-government ones. This tendency must be monitored in 2015 in an effort to avoid the appalling post-election media excesses of 2011.”

2010 – 118th

2011 – n/a

2012 – 96th

2013 – 96th

2014 – 101st

2015 – 86th (Ghana = 22nd, Senegal = 71st)

 

Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG)

I don’t seem to be able to get rankings for previous years. But Ivory Coast’s score out of 100 has been 36.2 (2010), 38.4 (2011), 42.4 (2012), 44.3 (2013), 44.3 (2014).

2014 – 40th (Ghana = 7th, Senegal = 9th)

 

Doing Business Report (DBR)

The DBR has been THE key global rankings indicator that the government has decided to focus energies on, settling out to be in the world’s top 50. For the last two years the country has been in the top ten biggest improvers. While the Ivorian media has focused on this, what’s often hidden is the lowly global rank of the country (147th in 2015).

2010 – 168th

2011 – 169th

2012 – 170th

2013 – 177th

2014 – 158th (originally 167th)

2015 – 147th (Ghana = 70th, Senegal = 161st)

 

Global Competitiveness Index (WEF)

2010-11 – 129th

2011-12 – 129th

2012-13 – 131st

2013-14 – 126th

2014-15 – 115th (Ghana = 111st, Senegal = 112nd)

 

Human Development Index (HDI)

I don’t seem to be able to get rankings for previous years. But Ivory Coast’s score out of 100 has been 0.439 (2010), 0.443 (2011), 0.448 (2012), 0.452 (2013).

2013 – 171st (Ghana = 138th, Senegal = 163rd)

 

FIFA World football rankings (January rankings)

2010 – 22nd

2011 – 21st

2012 – 18th

2013 – 14th

2014 – 23rd

2015 – 29th

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2 Responses to Ivory Coast in the rankings

  1. Carrie says:

    This is an interesting comparison of ranking, but what’s even more interesting, I think, is when you open the composite stats to see how the country is performing. For example, according to the Ibrahim Index, CIV is 49 of 52 for gender equality (my specialty), ahead of only Libya, Niger, and Somalia. So I do think that the economic growth (and striving) is masking a number of other issues, especially those that come down to a huge urban–rural divide.

    • admin says:

      Many thanks for your comment – this is indeed interesting. Do you think though that the ranking of 49/52 is justified or does it show data problems? I must say I find it quite surprising – francophone countries normally have reasonably liberal legal codes. Early in the Ouattara regime there were some attempts to improve legal settings with women being ‘co-epouse’ in marriage (if I recall correctly), which was quite controversial.

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